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Glaucoma Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Glaucoma is a painless disease that occurs when the pressure of the fluid within the eye builds up and causes damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma can occur at any life stage, but factors such as age, ethnicity, and poor health can increase the risk.
It’s important to diagnose glaucoma early, because if untreated, glaucoma can result in vision loss and blindness.
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
In the beginning stages of glaucoma, you are unlikely to notice any vision problems. Glaucoma is best treated when detected early, however, making an annual comprehensive eye exam very important. Once this disease begins to develop, glaucoma symptoms include:
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Loss of central vision
How is glaucoma detected?
Dr. Shearer and staff at Deerwood Family Eyecare will assess your eye pressure during a full eye exam while your eyes are dilated. This is important because different individuals can tolerate different levels of pressure. Dr. Shearer will determine what pressure level is normal for your eyes. Then, in subsequent exams, any changes can be monitored.
Two specific glaucoma tests used during the exam are:
- Tonometry – measures the pressure within the eye; and,
- Pachymetry – measures the thickness of the cornea (generally only needed once in your adult lifetime).
What are the treatments?
If glaucoma is detected during your eye exam, there are a number of treatment options. The best option may be a combination of all treatments. Unfortunately with glaucoma, there is not a treatment that will restore vision already lost – only help save remaining vision.
- Glaucoma medications (including eye drops for glaucoma)
- Laser procedures
- Surgical procedures
Dr. Shearer will work with you to develop the best treatment plan to preserve as much vision as possible.
We’re proud to serve all of Jacksonville including Southside, Deerwood, Nocatee, St. Johns and Mandarin since 1987.